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Джеки Чан Биография фото/ Jackie Chan Biography photo

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Джеки Чан Jackie ChanJackie Chan, (born 7 April 1954) is a Hong Kong actor, action choreographer, filmmaker, comedian, director, producer, martial artist, screenwriter, entrepreneur, singer and stunt performer.

In his movies, he is known for his acrobatic fighting style, comic timing, use of improvised weapons, and innovative stunts. Jackie Chan has been acting since the 1960s and has appeared in over 100 films. Chan has received stars on the Hong Kong Avenue of Stars and the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

In 1976, Jackie Chan received a telegram from Willie Chan, a film producer in the Hong Kong film industry who had been impressed with Jackie's stuntwork. Willie Chan offered him an acting role in a film directed by Lo Wei. Lo had seen Chan's performance in the John Woo film Hand of Death (1976) and planned to model him after Bruce Lee with the film New Fist of Fury. His stage name was changed to Sing Lung (also transcribed as Cheng Long, literally "become the dragon") to emphasise his similarity to Bruce Lee, whose stage name was Lei Siu-lung (meaning "Little Dragon"). The film was unsuccessful because Chan was not accustomed to Lee's martial arts style. Despite the film's failure, Lo Wei continued producing films with similar themes, resulting in little improvement at the box office.

Chan's first major breakthrough was the 1978 film Snake in the Eagle's Shadow, shot while he was loaned to Seasonal Film Corporation under a two-picture deal. Under director Yuen Woo-ping, Chan was allowed complete freedom over his stunt work. The film established the comedic kung fu genre, and proved to be a breath of fresh air for the Hong Kong audience. Chan then starred in Drunken Master, which finally propelled him to mainstream success.

Upon Chan's return to Lo Wei's studio, Lo tried to replicate the comedic approach of Drunken Master, producing Half a Loaf of Kung Fu and Spiritual Kung Fu. He also gave Chan the opportunity to co-direct The Fearless Hyena with Kenneth Tsang. When Willie Chan left the company, he advised Jackie to decide for himself whether or not to stay with Lo Wei. During the shooting of Fearless Hyena Part II, Chan broke his contract and joined Golden Harvest, prompting Lo to blackmail Chan with triads, blaming Willie for his star's departure.

The dispute was resolved with the help of fellow actor and director Jimmy Wang Yu, allowing Chan to stay with Golden Harvest.

Willie Chan had become Jackie's personal manager and firm friend, and has remained so for over 30 years. He was instrumental in launching Chan's international career, beginning with his first forays into the American film industry in the 1980s. His first Hollywood film was Battle Creek Brawl in 1980. Chan then played a minor role in the 1981 film The Cannonball Run, which grossed US$100 million worldwide. Despite being largely ignored by audiences in favour of established American actors like Burt Reynolds, Chan was impressed by the outtakes shown at the closing credits, inspiring him to include the same device in his future films.

After the commercial failure of The Protector in 1985, Chan temporarily abandoned his attempts to break into the US market, returning his focus to Hong Kong films.

Back in Hong Kong, Chan's films began to reach a larger audience in East Asia, with early successes in the lucrative Japanese market including The Young Master (1980) and Dragon Lord (1982). The Young Master went on to beat previous box office records set by Bruce Lee and established Chan as Hong Kong cinema's top star.

Chan produced a number of action comedy films with his opera school friends Sammo Hung and Yuen Biao. The three co-starred together for the first time in 1983 in Project A, which won the Best Action Design Award at the third annual Hong Kong Film Awards.

Over the following two years, the "Three Brothers" appeared in Wheels on Meals and the original Lucky Stars trilogy. In 1985, Chan made the first Police Story film, a US-influenced action comedy in which Chan performed his own stunts. It was named the "Best Film" at the 1986 Hong Kong Film Awards. In 1987, Chan played "Asian Hawk", an Indiana Jones-esque character, in the film Armour of God. The film was Chan's biggest domestic box office success up to that point, grossing over HK $35 million.

Jackie Chan created his screen persona as a response to Bruce Lee, and the numerous imitators who appeared before and after Lee's death. In contrast to Lee's characters, who were typically stern, morally upright heroes, Chan plays well-meaning, slightly foolish regular guys (often at the mercy of their friends, girlfriends or families) who always triumph in the end despite the odds. Additionally, Chan has stated that he deliberately styles his movement to be the opposite of Lee's: where Lee held his arms wide, Chan holds his tight to the body; where Lee was loose and flowing, Chan is tight and choppy. Despite the success of the Rush Hour series, Chan has stated that he is not a fan of it since he neither appreciates the action scenes in the movie, nor understands American humour.

In recent years, the aging Chan grew tired of being typecast as an action hero, prompting him to act with more emotion in his latest films.

In New Police Story, he portrayed a character suffering from alcoholism and mourning his murdered colleagues. To further shed the image of Mr. Nice Guy, Chan played an anti-hero for the first time in Rob-B-Hood starring as Thongs, a burglar with gambling problems.

Personal life

In 1982, Jackie Chan married Lin Feng-Jiao (aka Joan Lin), a Taiwanese actress. That same year, the two had a son, singer and actor Jaycee Chan. Elaine Ng Yi-Lei, gave birth to a daughter, Etta Ng Chok Lam, on November 19, 1999. The Hong Kong media alleged that he was the father, but as of yet, there has been no verification by either party involved. He also has a nephew named Austin Chan Chun-Hin residing in Shanghai. Chan is a Buddhist.

He speaks Cantonese, Mandarin, and English fluently, and also speaks some German, Korean and Japanese, as well as a little Spanish.

In 2009, Chan received an honorary doctorate from the University of Cambodia.

Filmography

1962 Big and Little Wong Tin Bar
1963 The Love Eterne
1964 The Story of Qin Xiang Lin
1966 The Eighteen Darts (Part 1)
1966 The Eighteen Darts (Part 2)
1966 Come Drink with Me
1971 A Touch of Zen
1972 Fist of Fury
1972 He qi dao
1973 Enter the Dragon
1973 Facets of Love
1973 Not Scared to Die
1973 Police Woman
1973 Kung Fu Girl
1973 Little Tiger of Canton
1973 Freedom Strikes a Blow
1974 Fists of the Double K
1974 The Golden Lotus
1974 Supermen Against the Orient
1975 All in the Family
1975 Bruce Lee and I
1975 No End of Surprises
1975 The Himalayan
1975 The Young Dragons
1976 New Fist of Fury
1976 Dance of Death
1976 Shaolin Wooden Men
1976 Hand of Death
1976 Killer Meteors
1976 The Private Eyes
1977 The 36 Crazy Fists
1977 To Kill with Intrigue
1978 Snake & Crane Arts of Shaolin
1978 Magnificent Bodyguards
1978 Snake in the Eagle's Shadow
1978 Drunken Master
1978 Spiritual Kung Fu
1978 Half a Loaf of Kung Fu
1978 Two in Black Belt
1979 The Fearless Hyena
1979 Dragon Fist
1979 Immortal Warriors
1979 Master with Cracked Fingers
1980 The Young Master
1980 The Big Brawl
1980 Read Lips
1981 The Cannonball Run
1981 The Gold-Hunters
1982 Dragon Lord
1982 Fantasy Mission Force
1983 Fearless Hyena Part II
1983 Winners and Sinners
1983 Project A
1984 Wheels on Meals
1984 Cannonball Run II
1984 Pom Pom
1985 Police Story
1985 Heart of Dragon
1985 Ninja Thunderbolt
1985 The Protector
1985 My Lucky Stars
1985 Twinkle, Twinkle Lucky Stars
1986 Naughty Boys
1987 Armour of God
1987 Project A Part II
1987 That Enchanting Night
1988 Police Story 2
1988 Dragons Forever
1988 The Inspector Wears Skirts
1988 Rouge
1989 Miracles
1989 The Inspector Wears Skirts II
1990 Island of Fire
1990 The Outlaw Brothers
1990 Stage Door Johnny
1990 Story of Kennedy Town
1991 A Kid from Tibet
1991 Armour of God II: Operation Condor
1991 Angry Ranger
1991 Beauty and the Beast
1992 Police Story 3: Super Cop
1992 Twin Dragons
1992 Centre Stage
1992 The Shootout
1993 Once a Cop
1993 City Hunter
1993 Crime Story
1993 Kin chan no Cinema Jack
1994 Drunken Master II
1995 Thunderbolt
1995 Rumble in the Bronx
1996 Police Story 4: First Strike
1997 Mr. Nice Guy
1998 Who Am I?
1998 Rush Hour
1998 Hot War
1998 Mulan
1999 King of Comedy
1999 Gorgeous
1999 Gen-X Cops
2000 Shanghai Noon
2001 The Accidental Spy
2001 Rush Hour 2
2002 The Tuxedo
2003 The Medallion
2003 The Twins Effect
2003 Shanghai Knights
2004 New Police Story
2004 The Twins Effect II
2004 Around the World in 80 Days
2004 Enter the Phoenix
2004 Rice Rhapsody
2005 The Myth
2005 Everlasting Regret
2005 House of Fury
2006 Rob-B-Hood
2007 Rush Hour 3
2008 The Forbidden Kingdom
2008 Kung Fu Panda
2008 Run Papa Run
2008 Wushu
2009 Shinjuku Incident
2009 Looking for Jackie
2009 The Founding of a Republic
2010 The Spy Next Door
2010 Little Big Soldier
2010 The Karate Kid
2010 The Legend of Silk Boy
2011 Shaolin
2011 1911
2011 Kung Fu Panda 2

Джеки Чан Биография фото/ Jackie Chan Biography photo
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