Стив Джобс Биография, фото/ Steven Jobs Biography, Photo
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Steve Jobs (25.02.1955 - 05.10.2011) - American businessman and inventor.
Early life and education
Steve Jobs was born on 24 February 1955 in San Francisco. His full name was Steven Paul Jobs. Birth parents abandoned him and then Steve was adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs. Some years later his adoptive parents affiliated a daughter, Patti.
Paul was a mechanical engineer and worked for a corporation which produced lasers. Steve’s stepmother was a bookkeeper. She taught him to read at an early age and Paul showed Steve elementary electronics. Steve himself always insisted that Paul and Clara were his parents.
In 1972 Steve Jobs graduated from high school in California and became a college student at Reed College in Portland. He also attended lectures at the HP Company and then began to work there with his schoolfellow Steve Wozniak.
In 1976 Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne established Apple. Some years later Steve Wozniak created a new personal computer which carried Apple forward. Its name was Apple II. Steve Jobs worked on design and sales of new device.
In 1980s Xerox PARC introduced its product, mouse-driven graphical user interface. Steve Jobs predicted the success of Xerox PARC’s invention and this was an incitement to development of the Apple Lisa. The creators were Ken Rothmuller and John Couch. In addition to that Jef Raskin invented Macintosh in one year.
There was a race for power in Apple in 1985. Steve Jobs lost it and left the company. He decided to found a new corporation which was called NeXT. This company produced technologies for organizational markets and higher-education.
In 1986 Steve Jobs got the computer graphics branch of Lucasfilm Ltd. Later it was reorganized into Pixar Animation Studios. Steve worked on famous animated cartoon ‘Toy Story’ as an executive producer. He was controlling shareholder and his percentage was 50.1%. In 2006 The Walt Disney Company acquired Pixar Animation Studios and Steve became the stock owner and a member of its Board of Directors.
In 1996 NeXT was included in Apple. Consequently Steve returned to work for Apple and became its co-founder. Afterwards the NeXTSTEP codebase was used for the Mac OS X. In 1996 Steve Jobs was chosen as an advisor of Apple and interim CEO in 1997. In 2000 he became Chief Executive Officer of Apple. He supervised elaboration of the iMac, iPad, iPod, iTunes, iPhone and other company’s products.
On March 18, 1991 Steve married Laurene Powell. Married couple had son and two daughters. Jobs also was in a relationship with painter Chris Ann Brennan. Lisa Brennan-Jobs, their daughter, was born in 1978. She was Steve’s first child.
Deterioration of health and death
In 2003 Steve’s illness was diagnosed as a rare form of pancreatic cancer. He was cured of it. But in 2009 Steve sustained a liver transplantation. His health became worse. In August 2011 Steve Jobs resigned as Chief Executive Officer but he remained Chairman of the Board till his dying day. On October 5, 2011 he died.
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