Биография Пеле на английском языке. Пеле краткая биография
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Pele (born 23.10.1940) - Brazilian football (soccer) player.
Edson Arantes do Nascimento, Honorary KBE, nicknamed Pele, is a former Brazilian football (soccer) player who won three World Cup medals and broke many records, also known as O Rei (The King) and Perola Negra (The Black Pearl).
Often considered the complete midfield and attacking player, he was completely two-footed, a prolific clinical finisher, exceptional at dribbling and passing, and was a remarkably good tackler for a forward. He was famed for his speed and kicking strength and scored 1,281 goals over the course of his career. Since his full retirement in 1977 he has served as an ambassador for the sport.
Growing up in poverty on the streets of Bauru, Sao Paulo, he could not afford a football and usually played with either a sock stuffed with papers or a grapefruit. He was given his first leather ball on his sixth birthday by his father's teammate, Sosa. At the age of eleven, Pele was scouted by Brazilian legend Waldemar de Brito and was invited to join de Brito's amateur team, Clube Atletico Bauru. In 1956, Pele's mentor took him to the city of Sao Paulo, to try out for professional club Santos Futebol Clube. De Brito told the directors at Santos that the 15-year-old would be "the greatest football player in the world." Pele was offered professional terms and scored four goals in his first league game. When the new season started, Pele was given a starting place in the first team and, at the age of just sixteen, became the top scorer in the league. Just ten months after signing professionally, the teenager was called up to the Brazilian national team.
Pele's technique and deft touch combined with his dribbling skills and scoring ability cannot be overstated. His most spectacular signature move was probably the "bicycle kick". He scored over twelve hundred career goals in all competitions, the biggest haul by far among famous players. After his retirement from Brazilian football on 2 October, 1974, he joined the New York Cosmos of the North American Soccer League. A reported $7,000,000 contract for three years made him the highest paid football player of the North American Soccer League.
During the three seasons playing for the Cosmos he was named in the annual NASL First Team: the 11 best players of a particular season. He was also named as the league's most valuable player in 1976. His lucrative contract for Cosmos meant that Pele had to play in the regular US-based NASL season but also travel the World playing many exhibition games. During the 3 years Pele played for Cosmos, he played matches in countries such as: China, Japan, Sweden, Bermuda and Uganda. In his final year as a professional player, the NY Cosmos won the 1977 NASL Championship. During that season Pele was joined by fellow Brazilian Carlos Alberto and "the Kaiser", Franz Beckenbauer.
He played his last game as a professional in a friendly on October 1, 1977, in front of a capacity crowd at Giants Stadium against his old club, Santos; he played the first half with the Cosmos and the second half with Santos. The exhibition game was sold out six weeks beforehand. Pele did appear in a few friendly games for the Cosmos after he retired in 1977. Due to falling attendances the Cosmos did try to bring Pele out of retirement a second time, but he declined.
In 1995, President Cardoso appointed Pele to the position of Minister of Sports. He left after he was alledgely involved in a bribery scandal.
Pele is a long-standing contributor for children's rights at UNICEF and acts as the figurehead of a charity for erectile dysfunction. Pele is certainly one of the most famous men in football, with his nickname being recognized even by those unfamiliar with the sport.
In 2005, Pele drew international media attention due to the imprisonment of Edson Cholbi Nascimento, his son and ex-goalkeeper of Santos Futebol Clube, who was arrested in an operation to dismantle a drug gang in southeastern Brazil.
Nascimento, the younger (then 35) was arrested along with some 50 other people after an eight-month investigation into a cocaine trafficking operation in the port city of Santos.
Recently Pele scouted for Premiership Football Team Fulham FC.
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