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2011 .

2011 .

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6 . 16 , AG. , , . . . . 20 , .

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Speaker 1
I love reading. I read detective and spy stories, novels, and romantic and fantasy stories. If Im stuck on a train or waiting for something and dont have anything to read, I feel terrible. So something that I spend a lot of money on would probably be books. I always buy a lot of books, magazines and readers digests. And I keep all of them at home my mum says its horrible. Also lots of my money goes on audio books. I always share them with friends. Em its kind of an exchange.

Speaker 2
Oh, you know, shiny things really attract me. Every time I have some extra money, I buy bracelets, rings, earrings or necklaces. I wear them everywhere and every day. If Im shopping somewhere and there is something flashy shining at me, I usually stop and look and very often a salesperson can talk me into buying it. Its crazy I know. I also love buying books but I dont spend so much on them.

Speaker 3
Ah, I spend money mostly on um going out, like going to restaurants or clubs, and things like that. I am a party person, I love hanging out with friends. I dont actually buy a lot of things, like electronics, books or CDs. I just spend money on going out with my friends, on food and drinks for parties. I really love chatting, dancing and making jokes.

Speaker 4
Something I probably spend too much on is clothes. I guess because I am a girl,
I think of shopping as a fun pastime and I find it relaxing. Actually I call it shopping therapy to go and buy some new clothes. I often go alone I dont need anyone to advise me. Id say I love the process of choosing and buying things. It really makes me feel good.

Speaker 5
If I had the money I wanted, I would like to go and spend two weeks at every famous place on Earth. I love traveling in comfort. Nowadays its very expensive. I read travel magazines and surf the Internet for information about different tours, hotels and sights and now I know how I want to travel. Thats what Id spend my money on if I could.

Speaker 6
I usually dont spend that much money on anything like jewellery or clothes. But then if there is one big expense, it is food. I like desserts, especially ice cream, so when I go out for dinner I definitely have a dessert afterwards. I cant live without cakes, candies, chocolates and things like that. Who can?

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. , 17 (1 True), (2 False) , , (3 Not stated). . . 20 , .

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Receptionist: English Language Center. How may I help you?
Caller: Yes. Ive heard about your centre from my classmate and Im calling to find out more information about your program. What kind of courses do you offer?
Receptionist: Well, first of all, the purpose of our program is to provide language learning opportunities for students who would like to master basic language skills, let's say, for his or her job, or to study intensively to enter a US college or university.
Caller: Okay. I'm calling for a friend who is interested in attending a US university. Can my friend apply for the next semester?
Receptionist: Well, we start in March and always ask applicants to apply no
later than two months before the semester begins.
Caller: Alright. What is the tuition fee for a full-time student?
Receptionist: It's two thousand and thirty dollars.
Caller: And how does one apply?
Receptionist: Well, we can send you an application and you can mail it back to us, or you can fill out the application form that's on our website.
Caller: And are there other materials I would need to send in addition to the application form?
Receptionist: Uh, yes. You would need to send in a sponsorship form indicating who will be responsible financially for the student while studying in our program, and a bank statement showing that you or your sponsor has enough money to cover tuition expenses and living costs.
Caller: And how can I send these materials to you?
Receptionist: You can either send the application packet by regular mail or you can fax it.
Caller: Alright. I think that's about it.
Receptionist: Okay great.
Caller: Oh and what is your name?
Receptionist: Ok. My name is Tony Nelson. You can just call and ask for me.
Caller: Great. Thank you for your help.
Receptionist: No problem and please don't hesitate to call again if you have any other questions.
Caller: Okay. Goodbye.

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. 814 1, 2 3, . . 50 , .

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Int: Today in the studio we are talking to Ben Zephani, an activist and member of the environmental group the Green Belt Movement in Kenya. Welcome Ben. Ben: Thank you.
Int: Well, you know, people nowadays talk a lot about environmental issues. There is great concern about wildlife and the future of the National Parks in Kenya. Whats happening there?
Ben: One of the most serious environmental problems we are facing today is deforestation, which really affects both wildlife and people living around the forests. People need land for their own purposes, like growing crops and raising cattle. So they come, seize pieces of land, cut down trees and start cultivating the land. So many animals were, kind of, forced away. They had to leave their native habitats and find new hunting areas Thats not really a nice thing.
Int: And whats happening to the people who actually live around the forest area?
Ben: You know when you tend to interfere in a wild animals habitat you
somehow create an imbalance between people and animals. And sometimes its not really a nice thing because animals tend to come close to where people live, which is really threatening.
Int: So, do they attack people?
Ben: Not that they really attack settlements but they do come in packs, groups, prides or herds constantly migrating from one place to another because of deforestation. So people are vulnerable at any time.
Int: You mean, if I lived there, I could be chased by an angry rhinoceros or an elephant?
Ben: No, actually they dont chase people because most of the time they just pass by. But at times you come into contact with an unusual animal. You know animals live in packs, so when one animal is rejected from its pack, its an angry animal. It cannot join the other packs so it attacks anything and is extremely dangerous. It should not be disturbed. People can do nothing to help it. Anyone who dares to approach it is almost certainly doomed.
Int: Wow! Sounds horrible! I suppose no one would dare to try to catch these wild animals ... Well, but what actually causes deforestation?
Ben: People burn wood to produce charcoal and sell it, because, as you know, people there have very poor living conditions, and they try hard to earn an extra dime to support their families. Charcoal is in great demand for cooking and other odd jobs, so people dont even have to travel anywhere to sell it. Its a good job. But its so destructive.
Int: So whats being done to try and remedy this, or to try and counterbalance the effect?
Ben: There are three or four large activist groups that are coming together to
discuss how to reduce damage to the environment. You all know the Nobel Prize winner Wangari Maathai who is a leader of the Green Belt Movement in Kenya. Shes been trying to discourage people from destroying forests for a long time and to explain what deforestation does to the country and the envi- ronment in general and how it affects people in the forest areas. She teaches people to adjust to new conditions and environments. She moves with the times. Wangari supports National parks, conservation areas and safari parks in the country. She helps organize small businesses to learn to earn from ecotourism in the forest areas.
Int: Look, Ive always wanted to go to Africa and Im just wondering, if that whole safari business ... is really good; if everything you see on the BBC Wild- life channel, you know, documentaries, is true to life.
Ben: Its not a cliche, but its something you have to experience when you get there on safari. The BBC has never lied to their viewers.
Int: Wow! So I could be just out there ... driving around in my car and on my own just seeing all those animals?
Ben: I am afraid they wont let you drive in your own car. They provide services for you. We have in Kenya an institute called the KWS: the Kenya Wild- life Service and it has its own wardens that are highly trained to protect you when youre in the forest. You just say where and when you want to go, what places and animals you would like to see. Tours are kind of regulated. For example, you will never be allowed to come close to feeding the animals.
Int: All right.

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