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. Biography of Bob Marley

. Biography of Bob Marley.

Bob Marley (06.02.1945 - 11.05.1981) - Jamaican singer.

Bob Marley (nee Robert Nesta Marley) was a famous Jamaican guitarist, singer and composer. He is known as the best reggae performer in the world. Thanks to him, reggae gained popularity outside of Jamaica. He was one of the most prominent supporters of the Rastafari movement and Pan-Africanism. The musician was born on February 6th, 1945, in Nine Mile, Jamaica. His father was a European navy officer and then became an overseer of one Jamaican plantation. Robert didnt see his father much. Norval Marley died of a heart attack when he was only ten. His mother remarried and had a daughter. Roberts stepbrother Neville Livingston (also known as Bunny Wailer) later became his music partner.

In the late 1950s, Roberts family moved to the capital of Jamaica, Kingston. There, living in a poor neighborhood, together with Neville he began doing his first steps in music. After the high school, he worked as a welder for some time. The person who helped him to master the musical skills was Joe Higgs. He gave Marley and Neville free singing lessons. At the age of 18, the singer made his debut with the single from Joe Higgs Judge Not. In 1963, Marley organized a band called The Wailers. Their first single Simmer Down topped all the Jamaican charts. It has been sold in thousands of copies. Despite the success, some musicians left and the band became a trio. Soon, the band totally collapsed and Bob Marley went to work at the car factory.
As the time passed, he decided to revive The Wailers. The band sang in a variety of genres, but their popularity didnt go outside Jamaica. Their own record company Tuff Gong wasnt successful either. In 1972, Marley signed the contract with an American singer Johnny Nash and wrote two successful songs for him. A year later his band got a contract with one international company and released the first album outside of Jamaica. The song I Shot The Sheriff became an international hit. Eric Clapton included it in his album, which helped Bobs band to gain popularity. Gradually, The Wailers started touring America, Europe and Africa.

By the mid-1970s, theyve already become recognized leaders of reggae. From now on, almost all Bob Marleys songs were included in the UK charts. Among them, No woman, no cry, Satisfy My Soul, Is This Love. In his native Jamaica Bob Marley became an idol. He was especially respected for his political and religious views. In 1976, he was somehow embroiled in local politics. As a result, there was the attempt on his life. He sustained minor injuries, but soon recovered. In 1977, Marley was diagnosed with malignant melanoma on his toe. He refused amputation, because he was afraid not to be able to play football again. After a series of attempts to treat this disease, he died in 1981. He was 36 years old then. His last words were: Money cant buy life.

. Biography of Bob Marley
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