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2009. 2 ().


B2. A 1 7. . . .

A. First computers

B. Risky sport

C. Shopping in comfort

D. Difficult task
E. Professional sport
F. Shopping from home
G. New users
H. Digging for the past

1. A group of university students from Brazil have been given the job of discovering and locating all the waterfalls in their country. It is not easy because very often the maps are not detailed. The students have to remain in water for long periods of time. Every day they cover a distance of 35 to 40 kilometers through the jungle, each carrying 40 kilos of equipment.

2. For many years now, mail-order shopping has served the needs of a certain kind of customers. Everything they order from a catalogue is delivered to their door. Now, though, e-mail shopping on the Internet has opened up even more opportunities for this kind of shopping.

3. Another generation of computer fans has arrived. They are neither spotty schoolchildren nor intellectual professors, but pensioners who are learning computing with much enthusiasm. It is particularly interesting for people suffering from arthritis as computers offer a way of writing nice clear letters. Now pensioners have discovered the Internet and at the moment they make up the fastest growing membership.

4. Shopping centres are full of all kinds of stores. They are like small, self-contained towns where you can find everything you want. In a large centre, shoppers can find everything they need without having to go anywhere else. They can leave their cars in the shopping centre car park and buy everything in a covered complex, protected from the heat, cold or rain.

5. Not many people know that, back in the fifties, computers were very big, and also very slow. They took up complete floors of a building, and were less powerful, and much slower than any of todays compact portable computers. At first, the data they had to process and record was fed in on punched-out paper; later magnetic tape was used, but both systems were completely inconvenient.

6. Potholing is a dull name for a most interesting and adventurous sport. Deep underground, on the tracks of primitive men and strange animals who have adapted to life without light, finding unusual landscapes and underground lakes, the potholer lives an exciting adventure. You mustnt forget, though, that it can be quite dangerous. Without the proper equipment you can fall, get injured or lost.

7. Substantial remains of an octagonal Roman bath house, probably reused as a Christian baptistry, have been uncovered during a student training excavation near Faversham in Kent. The central cold plunge pool was five metres across, and stood within a structure which also had underfloor heating and hot pools, probably originally under a domed roof.

B3. 1 6 A G. G . .

Before the Hubble Space Telescope was launched, scientists thought they knew the universe. They were wrong.
The Hubble Space Telescope has changed many scientists view of the universe. The telescope is named after American astronomer Edwin Hubble, 1 _______________________.
He established that many galaxies exist and developed the first system for their classifications.
In many ways, Hubble is like any other telescope. It simply gathers light. It is roughly the size of a large school bus. What makes Hubble special is not what it is, 2 _______________________.
Hubble was launched in 1990 from the Discovery space shuttle and it is about 350 miles above our planet, 3 _______________________.
It is far from the glare of city lights, it doesnt have to look through the air, 4 _______________________.
And what a view it is! Hubble is so powerful it could spot a fly on the moon.
Yet in an average orbit, it uses the same amount of energy as 28 100-watt light bulbs. Hubble pictures require no film. The telescope takes digital images 5 _______________________.
Hubble has snapped photos of storms on Saturn and exploding stars. Hubble doesnt just focus on our solar system. It also peers into our galaxy and beyond. Many Hubble photos show the stars that make up the Milky Way galaxy. A galaxy is a city of stars.
Hubble cannot take pictures of the sun or other very bright objects, because doing so could fry the telescopes instruments, but it can detect infrared and ultra violet light 6 _______________________.
Some of the sights of our solar system that Hubble has glimpsed may even change the number of planets in it.

A. which is above Earths atmosphere.
B. which are transmitted to scientists on Earth.
C. which is invisible to the human eye.
D. who calculated the speed at which galaxies move.
E. so it has a clear view of space.
F. because many stars are in clouds of gas.
G. but where it is.

15 21. 1, 2, 3 4, .

Sometimes my father scares me. He can tackle something he knows nothing about, and nine times out of ten, it will come out all right. Its pure luck, of course, but try convincing him. Frame of Mind, he says. Just believe you can do a thing, and youll do it. Anything? I asked. Some day your luck will run out. Then see what good your Frame of Mind will do, I said.

Believe me, I am not just being a smart alec. It so happens that I have actually tried Frame of Mind myself. The first time was the year I went all out to pass the civics final. I had to go all out, on account of I had not cracked a book all year. I really crammed, and all the time I was cramming I was concentrating on Frame of Mind. Just believe you can do a thing sure. I made the lowest score in the history of Franklin High. Thirty-three percent, I said, showing my father the report card. Theres your Frame of Mind for you. He put it on the table without looking at it. You have to reach a certain age and understanding, he explained. Thats the key to Frame of Mind. Yeah? What does a guy do in the meantime? Maybe you should study. Some kids learn a lot that way.

That was my first experience with Frame of Mind. My latest one was for a promotion at the Austin Clothing Store. Jim Watson had a slightly better sales record and was more knowledgeable and skillful. Me, I had Frame of Mind. Jim Watson got the job. Did this convince my father? It did not. To convince him, something had to happen. To him, I mean. Something did happen, too, at the Austin Clothing Store. My father works there, too. What happened was that Mr Austin paid good money for a clever Easter window display. Its all set up and were about to draw the curtain when we discover the display lights wont work. I can see Mr Austin growing pale. He is thinking of the customers that could go right by his store in the time it will take him to get hold of an electrician.

This is when my father comes on the scene. Is something the matter? he says. Oh, hello, Louis, Mr Austin says. He calls my father Louis. Me, Joe Conklin one of his best salesmen he hardly knows. My father, a stock clerk, he calls Louis. Life isnt always fair. These darned lights wont work. Hmm, I see, my father says. Maybe I can be of service. From inside his pocket comes a screwdriver. Mr Austin looks at him. Can you help us, Louis? No, he cannot, I volunteer. You think hes Thomas Edison? I dont intend to say that. It just slips out. Young man, I was addressing your father, Mr Austin says, giving me a cold hard look. My father touches something with his screwdriver and the display lights go on.

What happened next was that the big safe in Mr Austins office got jammed shut with all our paychecks in it. From nowhere comes my father. Is something the matter? he says. The safe, Louis, Mr Austin is saying. It

wont open, I was going to send for you. Hmm, I see, my father says. Can you help us, Louis? Mr Austin inquires. I start to say he cannot, but I stop myself. If my father wants to be a clown, thats his business. What is the combination of this safe? my father says. Mr Austin whispers the combination in my fathers ear. Armed with the combination, he starts twirling the knob. I cant believe it: grown men and women standing hypnotized, expecting that safe door to open. And while they stand there, the safe door opens.
Go ahead, say it was luck, my opening the safe today, my father says. OK, I reply. Then I tell him what I saw in the faces of those people in Mr Austins office: confidence and trust and respect. The key to Frame of Mind is you have to use it to give support to those who need it when theres no one else to save the situation. Otherwise it will not work.

A15. The narrator thought that his father

1) believed that he was the luckiest man in the world.
2) was a knowledgeable and highly qualified man.
3) succeeded in almost everything he did.
4) didnt mind being called a lucky man.

A16. In paragraph 2 I had to go all out means that the narrator had to

1) take the civics examination one more time.
2) take the civics examination in a different school.
3) try as hard as he could to prepare for the exam.
4) find somebody to help him pass the exam.

A17. They didn't promote the narrator because he had

1) proved less successful than Jim.
2) sold few records.
3) no Frame of Mind.
4) not reached the promotion age.

A18. Mr Austin was in despair because

1) the curtain wouldnt draw open.
2) he couldnt find an electrician.
3) the display had cost him a lot of money.
4) he was likely to lose some customers.

A19. When Mr Austin called the narrators father Louis the young man felt

1) proud of his Dad.
2) hopeful of his Dad.
3) jealous of his Dad.
4) sorry for his Dad.

A20. The narrator was sure that

1) his Dad would open the safe.
2) his Dad knew nothing about safes.
3) Mr. Austin wanted to make fun of his Dad.
4) Mr. Austin had sent for his Dad to open the safe.

A21. According to Louis words, Frame of Mind worked if one was

1) an expert in many fields.
2) ready to help other people.
3) a lucky person.
4) respectful and trustful.

2, 3 15 21 1! , 2, 3, 15 21 .

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