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2010 . 2 ()

2010 . 2 ().


B2 A 17. . . .

A. First computers E. Professional sport
B. Risky sport F. Shopping from home
C. Shopping in comfort G. New users
D. Difficult task H. Digging for the past

1. A group of university students from Brazil have been given the job of discovering and locating all the waterfalls in their country. It is not easy because very often the maps are not detailed. The students have to remain in water for long periods of time. Every day they cover a distance of 35 to 40 kilometers through the jungle, each carrying 40 kilos of equipment.

2. For many years now, mail-order shopping has served the needs of a certain kind of customers. Everything they order from a catalogue is delivered to their door. Now, though, e-mail shopping on the Internet has opened up even more opportunities for this kind of shopping.

3. Another generation of computer fans has arrived. They are neither spotty schoolchildren nor intellectual professors, but pensioners who are learning computing with much enthusiasm. It is particularly interesting for people suffering from arthritis as computers offer a way of writing nice clear letters. Now pensioners have discovered the Internet and at the moment they make up the fastest growing membership.

4. Shopping centres are full of all kinds of stores. They are like small, self-contained towns where you can find everything you want. In a large centre, shoppers can find everything they need without having to go anywhere else. They can leave their cars in the shopping centre car park and buy everything in a covered complex, protected from the heat, cold or rain.

5. Not many people know that, back in the fifties, computers were very big, and also very slow. They took up complete floors of a building, and were less powerful, and much slower than any of todays compact portable computers. At first, the data they had to process and record was fed in on punched-out paper; later magnetic tape was used, but both systems were completely inconvenient.

6. Potholing is a dull name for a most interesting and adventurous sport. Deep underground, on the tracks of primitive men and strange animals who have adapted to life without light, finding unusual landscapes and underground lakes, the potholer lives an exciting adventure. You mustnt forget, though, that it can be quite dangerous. Without the proper equipment you can fall, get injured or lost.

7. Substantial remains of an octagonal Roman bath house, probably reused as a Christian baptistry, have been uncovered during a student training excavation near Faversham in Kent. The central cold plunge pool was five metres across, and stood within a structure which also had underfloor heating and hot pools, probably originally under a domed roof.

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16 , AG. G . , , .

Before the Hubble Space Telescope was launched, scientists thought they knew the universe. They were wrong.

The Hubble Space Telescope has changed many scientists view of the universe. The telescope is named after American astronomer Edwin Hubble, 1 _______________________.
He established that many galaxies exist and developed the first system for their classifications.

In many ways, Hubble is like any other telescope. It simply gathers light. It is roughly the size of a large school bus.
What makes Hubble special is not what it is, 2 _______________________.

Hubble was launched in 1990 from the Discovery space shuttle and it is about 350 miles above our planet, 3 _______________________.
It is far from the glare of city lights, it doesnt have to look through the air, 4 _______________________.
And what a view it is! Hubble is so powerful it could spot a fly on the moon.

Yet in an average orbit, it uses the same amount of energy as 28 100-watt light bulbs. Hubble pictures require no film. The telescope takes digital images 5 _______________________.
Hubble has snapped photos of storms on Saturn and exploding stars. Hubble doesnt just focus on our solar system. It also peers into our galaxy and beyond. Many Hubble photos show the stars that make up the Milky Way galaxy. A galaxy is a city of stars.

Hubble cannot take pictures of the sun or other very bright objects, because doing so could fry the telescopes instruments, but it can detect infrared and ultra violet light 6 _______________________.

Some of the sights of our solar system that Hubble has glimpsed may even change the number of planets in it.

A. which is above Earths atmosphere.
B. which are transmitted to scientists on Earth.
C. which is invisible to the human eye.
D. who calculated the speed at which galaxies move.
E. so it has a clear view of space.
F. because many stars are in clouds of gas.
G. but where it is.

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1521. 1, 2, 3 4, .

When Suzanne had ever thought of New Orleans, it was always in connection with Hector Santien, because he was the only soul she knew who dwelt there. He had had no share in obtaining for her the position she had secured with one of the leading dry goods firms; yet it was to him she addressed herself when her arrangements to leave home were completed.

He did not wait for her train to reach the city, but crossed the river and met her at Gretna. The first thing he did was to kiss her, as he had done eight years before when he left Natchitoches parish. An hour later he would no more have thought of kissing Suzanne than he would have tendered an embrace to the Empress of China. For by that time he had realized that she was no longer twelve nor he twenty-four.

She could hardly believe the man who met her to be the Hector of old. It was not his black hair that was dashed with grey on the temples; nor his short, parted beard and a small moustache that curled. From the crown of his glossy silk hat down to his trimly gaitered feet, his attire was faultless. Suzanne knew her Natchitoches, and she had been to Shreveport and even penetrated as far as Marshall, Texas, but in all her travels she had never met a man to equal Hector in the elegance of his appearance.

They entered a cab, and seemed to drive for an interminable time through the streets, mostly over cobble stones that rendered conversation difficult. Nevertheless he talked incessantly, while she peered from the windows to catch what glimpses she could, through the night, of that New Orleans of which she had heard so much. He was taking her to a friend of his, the dearest little woman in town. That was Maman Chavan, who was going to board and lodge her charging a ridiculously small sum of money.

Maman Chavan lived within comfortable walking distance of Hectors place. She was waiting for them a lovable, fresh-looking, white-haired, black-eyed, small, fat little body, dressed all in black. She understood no English; which made no difference. Suzanne and Hector spoke only French to each other.

Hector came every Sunday morning, an hour or so before noon to breakfast with them. Suzanne was never in Hectors company elsewhere than at Maman Chavans. Besides the Sunday visit, he looked in upon them sometimes at dusk, to chat for a moment or two. He often treated them to the theatre and even to the opera, when business was brisk.

One day she sent word to Hector to come to her. Hector, she began when he was there. Someone has told me I should not be seen upon the streets of New Orleans with you. He was trimming a long rose-stem with his sharp penknife. He did not stop, nor start, nor look embarrassed, nor anything of the sort. Indeed! he said. I want you to look me in the face, Hector, and tell me if there is any reason. He snapped the knife-blade and replaced the knife in hispocket; then he looked in her eyes so steadily, that she hoped and believed that a confession of innocence would follow and she would gladly have accepted it. But he said indifferently: Yes, there are reasons. Suzanne suddenly felt sick at heart. There are no reasons that I will hear or believe. He silently held the rose by its long stem, and swept it lightly across her forehead along her cheek, and over her pretty mouth and chin. She sank upon the bench, and buried her face in her palms. A slight convulsive movement of the muscles indicated a suppressed sob. That work at the store is telling on your nerves, Suzanne. Promise me that you will go back to the country. That will be best. He did not return; neither during the week nor the following Sunday. Then Suzanne told Maman Chavan she was going home.

A15 Suzanne associated New Orleans with Hector Santien because

1) he had helped her to find a job at a dry-goods firm there.
2) she used to address her letters to him when he lived there.
3) she was not acquainted with anyone else there.
4) he had arranged her visit to that city.

A16 When Hector met Suzanne he kissed her
1) as such was his manner of greeting her.
2) as he used to do when she came to New Orleans.
3) because he was overwhelmed by her beauty.
4) to show that she was still a little girl for him.

A17 Suzanne could hardly recognise the Hector of old because

1) his hair was already turning grey on the temples.
2) he was wearing a short beard and a small moustache.
3) he was wearing outrageously expensive clothes.
4) he looked the very embodiment of good taste.

A18 While driving in a cab Suzanne didnt speak much because she

1) was deafened by the noise of busy streets of the city.
2) was curious to see at least something of the city.
3) felt shy and awkward in Hectors presence.
4) expected Hector to do all the talking.

A19 The main reason why Hector arranged Suzannes staying at Maman Chavans was that

1) Maman Chavans house was not far from the city centre.
2) Maman Chavan didnt ask much for accommodation.
3) he wanted both women to become friends.
4) it was a good opportunity for Suzanne to practice French.

A20 The phrase He often treated them to the theatre when business was brisk implies that

1) Hector bought theatre tickets for them.
2) Hector accompanied them to the theatre.
3) Hectors business had something to do with the theatre.
4) Hector was well connected in the theatrical world.

A21 After her talk with Hector Suzanne realized that

1) his business must have been illegal.
2) he was romantically involved with another woman.
3) their relationship might break down.
4) she had been exhausted by her work at the store.

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