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Pablo Picasso (25.10.1881 - 08.04.1973) - Spanish painter.

Pablo Picasso was an outstanding artist, sculptor, poet and simply one of the greatest figures of the 20th century. Moreover, he was the co-founder of Cubism. Picasso was born on October 25th, 1881, in Malaga, Spain. As a child he was given his fathers surname Blasco, but when he was fourteen he chose to have his mothers surname - Picasso. His father was an art teacher, while his mother was a housewife. Some biographers believe that Picasso started drawing before he even knew how to speak. When he was ten, they had to move to the north, because his father was offered a job in the School of Art in La Coruna.

In 1985, Picasso enrolled in the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona. He was only fourteen at that time. Thats why the teachers didnt want to accept him. However, when they saw his incredible talent, they agreed. Two years later he moved to Madrid to study at the Royal School of Fine Arts. His career as an artist began in Barcelona. He met lots of other talented people there and began to attend the Els Quatre Gats. It was a place where famous artists, musicians, poets of that time spent their free time. His first exhibition took place in 1900. The same year he went to Paris, where he visited the impressionist exhibitions.

After this trip he felt the burst of extraordinary creativity and began drawing a series of pictures in blue tones. In 1904, he moved to Paris and settled in Bateau Lavoir. There he met many famous and talented people, including Fernande Olivier, Gertrude Stein, Henri Matisse. Gradually, the depressive motifs in his paintings were replaced by cheerful images of circus and theater. He began to favor gold and pink tones in his pictures. These two periods of his life are known as the Blue and Rose Periods. After experiments with colors the painter turned to the analysis of figures and shapes. This is when he develops cubism in his works.

Picassos personal life greatly influenced his works. After the unsuccessful marriage with Russian ballet dancer he began drawing a gloomy surreal world filled with monsters and shapeless creatures. In 1927 he met Marie-Therese Walter and his art dramatically changed. Her natural beauty inspired him to create a series of sculptures in the nude. With Marie-Therese they had a daughter Maya. Picasso had several other mistresses during his life, but his legal wife was Olga Khokhlova. One of his best works was dedicated to the civil war. It was a huge painting Guernica (1937), which was full of horror and sadness. One of the most influential artists of all times died 1973 at the age of 91.



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